Phonics is a method for teaching reading and writing the English language by developing learners phonemic awareness the ability to hear and identify and manipulate phonemes in order to teach the correspondence between these sounds and the spelling patterns (graphemes) that represent them. The goal of phonics is to enable beginning readers to decode new written words by sounding them out, or in phonics terms, blending the sound-spelling patterns. Phonics at our Center is a fun and child centered approach of teaching literacy through Synthetic Phonics. With Actions and Rhymes for each of the 42 letter sounds and the multi-sensory method is very motivating for Children. In Phonics, the 42 main sounds of English are taught, not just the alphabets. The sounds are in seven groups. In synthetic phonics some sounds are written with two letters such as ee and or. These are called digraphs. To distinguish between the two sounds, these digraphs are represented in two forms.
Each sound has an action which helps children remember the letter(s) that represent it. As a child progresses you can point to the letters and see how quickly they can do the action and say the sound. One letter sound can be taught each day. As a child becomes more confident, the actions are no longer necessary. Then comes the stage called Blending. As the name suggests, in this stage the children will be taught the skill of listening to individual sounds and combining them to form one word. It is a mandatory step every child needs to go through and it improves gradually. Some children take longer than others to hear this. The sounds must be said quickly to hear the word. It is easier if the first sound is said slightly louder. After the blending stage, the children will be taken through another phase where they will learn the skill of identifying the word by its sound. We start by having the child listed for the first sound in a word then the last sound, as the middle sound is hardest to hear. It is done in a better way by saying a word and tapping its sound. Three taps mean three sounds, four taps mean four sounds and so on. The children are also taught through the method of tricky words where they are asked to write the letters in air or by saying it as it sounds. Saying the word so each sound is heard. Joined-Up letters are also used to improve their spelling.